See my complete builds and what's on the bench right now.

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Molniya 3602 front


There are myriad tools to streamline your workflow, I've listed them in order so you can add more as you progress; and tools can be resold quite easily if you've gone far enough to scratch the itch.

Expect to fork out £500 to service a basic watch.

Molniya 3602 tools


You don't need much to get started -- you're basically just having a closer look -- but I often go out and about with a loupe in my jacket pocket. You know... just in case.

Item Description Price
Eyeglass/loupe 2.8x (Bergeon 4422-3.5) The Bergeon name is the focal length not the magnification 7.95
Large cleaning cloth (Selvyt Medium White Size: Size A 25x25cm) I think it's good practice to always handle watches with a cloth, especially if it's not yours; a decent microfibre cloth is a good alternative 5


Next you might want to replace straps and maybe do a little cleaning and light buffing.

  • Spring Bar Tool (Bergeon 6767-F): it's really nice to choose straps with quick release spring bars if you can
  • Polywatch: acrylic crystal polish: vintage crystals, won't touch mineral glass
  • Polishing buff (Bergeon 2290): for steel cases, don't use on gold-plated or it won't be gold-plated for much longer


Now we're cooking: get the case back off and inspect the insides for any issues.

  • Rubber Case Ball (Bergeon 8008): squishy ball case back remover that works far better than you might think
  • Case knife: pen knife style and oyster shucker style; I generally prefer the oyster-style but it's good to have a choice
  • Rodico Premium (Bergeon 7033-1): for picking up dust and small components; useful for manipulating hands into position, a little Rodico on the end of a closed oil dropper is my go-to
  • Eyeglass/loupe 4x (Bergeon 4422-2.5): slightly more magnification
  • Eyeglass Holder (AF 176.530.24): it's just a loop of spring steel wire that goes around your head, the ones that clip on your glasses look nice but can be more expensive; I tend to swap between depending how I'm feeling, eye glasses can get a little steamy too!
  • Case cushion (Bergeon 5395-75-N): treat yourself to a decent, large gel cushion

Strip down

This is getting serious... and you'll need quite a few more tools. But you will have enough to completely disassemble a basic movement (and by "basic" I mean a three hand manual winder). Note we are replacing broken parts at this level, rather than making new ones. And always use the correct size screwdriver, otherwise you just risk chewing up the blades, screw head or both.

  • Movement Holder, Gents Size, Carbon Fibre (Bergeon 4040-P): essential and even the Bergeon ones are reasonably-priced
  • Tweezers (Idealtek Anti-Magnetic No. 7 Very Fine, Curved Tips): I actually got a job lot of tweezers on eBay but these curved tipped ones are my favourite
  • Latex ESD Finger Protection Thimble Cots Large, Pack Of 144 (Bergeon 7968-18): the sizing of these is a bit of a mystery, I've never thought I had particularly big hands but anything smaller than large is unbearable and even they are a little tight on the thumbs
  • Materials box / cloche: you will never have enough, it's good to use a whole box for a complete build or spares of the same movement
  • Screwdriver with blades white 0.6mm (Bergeon 30080)
  • Screwdriver with blades yellow 0.8mm
  • Screwdriver with blades red 1.2mm
  • Screwdriver with blades pink 1.6mm
  • Dial protector (Bergeon 6938): very cheap, or use the traditional "ripped baggy"; I've found that hands can sometimes ping off so the baggy does at least prevent that; be careful with applied indices as they're quite easy to unapply
  • Hand Levers, 3.0mm Tips (Bergeon 5431): £40... buying these hurt! I also got some cheap ones from eBay for a 10th of the price
  • Hand Pusher, Red Ø0.80 - Grey Ø1.50mm (Bergeon 7404-2): I haven't needed any other size so far but fitting hands is still a little hit-and-miss for me
  • Cannon pinion remover: can be very expensive for such a niche tool; alternatively do it carefully in a bag with tweezers, I found some blunt-end brass ones that work, pull upwards to avoid bending anything
  • Plastic pointy stick/peg wood: Starbucks call them "coffee stirrers" but they look like peg wood to me
  • Barrel press: eBay £5, if it's good enough for Marshall...
  • Crystal press: eBay £15.99, screw down seems a bit more controlled; I also padded the lower dies out with sticky felt furniture pads into a dome shape; this is really only for vintage restoration rather than building from new
  • Sealing Grease Winder: for gaskets on case back and crown tube; a nice little finishing flourish

The next level

Take it to the next level by repairing and servicing your own watches; but know this: the rabbit hole goes deep... see where to go next in watchmaker's resources.